The heartwood is pinkish to light reddish brown or light brown. The wood may also show a pronounced cast of flesh colour. The grain is usually straight and open. Plain-sawn timber usually exhibits a plumed or flared grain appearance, while riftsawn member show a tighter grain pattern and low figuring. Quartersawn red oaks often have a flake pattern which is sometimes referred to as tiger rays or butterflies.
Red Oak widely distributes in the region of North America, Eastern and Western Europe and Mediterranean Sea Region.
The wood is commonly used as flooring, cabinet making, joinery, fine furniture, canoes, drum sticks, excelsior, musical instruments and wardrobe.
The timber is reported to have little resistance to attack by decay causing organisms and other wood destroying insects.